Earlier this month I attended one of the regular BRLSI philosophy talks. Andreas Wasmuht prepared an excellent introduction to the work of Martin Heidegger, specifically his work Being and Time (first published in 1927). This post is not specifically about that work, but it got me thinking again about how much more … Continue Reading ››
Delighted to be part of the programme @IETevents new webinar series on Responsible AI, exploring cutting-edge technology and future applications over seven sessions in November and December. Booking is open now: http://ow.ly/Kcdg30rWpTu
After many months of writing, proof reading and waiting for printing, I'm delighted that my book is now available. It's a very practical book, explaining why transparency is so important, followed by the details of experiments with various forms of transparency.
The book is based on my PhD research, but is expanded and extended, including an additional chapter to explain the importance of transparency within the wider context of accountability, responsibility and trust (ART). Here is a short extract from that new chapter:
Transparency as a Driver for Trust
.... I argue that although trust is complex, we can use system transparency to improve the quality of information available to users, which in turn helps to build trust. Further, organisational transparency drives both accountability and responsibility, which also bolster trust. Therefore transparency is an essential ingredient for informed trust. These relationships are illustrated in Figure 2.3.
System Transparency helps users better understand systems as they observe, interact or are otherwise affected by them. This informed understanding of system behaviour in turn helps users make appropriate use of systems.
System Transparency also supports accountability, by providing mechanisms that allow the system itself to offer some kind of ‘account’ for why it behaves as it does. It also provides mechanisms to facilitate traceability....
Organisational Transparency supports and encourages organisational accountability, and helps to develop a culture of responsibility....
Trust is built from a combination of informed system understanding, together with the knowledge that system providers are accountable and behave responsibly. Trust ultimately drives greater product acceptance and use....
In this book I also argue for the creation of transparency standards applicable to Autonomous Intelligent Systems (AIS) of all kinds. Standards will encourage transparency, and regulation may enforce it. This encourages business to develop cultures that embrace transparency in their processes and products.
Wortham, Robert H., Transparency for Robots and Autonomous Systems: Fundamentals, Technologies and Applications, The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2020
ISBN-13: 978-1-78561-994-6 (eBook ISBN: 978-1-78561-995-3)
Over the last year or so, one of my main research interests has been machine transparency. We've been using the R5 Robot in various 'robot encounter' experiments, both online using video recordings and in a live environment. We've shown that people do not naturally form good mental models of robots on first encounter. They … Continue Reading ››
This year seems to be rapidly getting very busy. In January, February and March I was flat out finishing my Arduino based R5 robot. We've been working with it on an ethics experiment. Many thanks to all those two participated in the research - your input was vital. We have a paper in review for that work now, … Continue Reading ››
I was recently interviewed for a new film about how AI impacts us today, and what the future may hold. Created by a Birmingham MA student, this film includes interviews from various academics in the field, including myself. It asks the questions everyone wants to ask about intelligent systems and robots; how they might change our … Continue Reading ››